What is worm composting?
Also known as vermicomposting, worm composting is the innovative collaboration between red worms and humans to create vermicompost out of food waste.
But how do worms magically turn food into compost? It’s pretty simple, actually. With the help of some beneficial bacteria, damp paper bedding, and a sturdy bin, you can depend on your worms to eat your food waste, turning them into rich, useful vermicompost that is perfect for fertilizing your garden and indoor plants (in liquid or solid form). Worms will eat anything that used to be living (fruit and veggies, egg shells, leaves, and grass) and in so doing will produce worm castings (known also as worm humus, vermicastings, worm compost, or worm manure), which is nutrient-dense and full of microorganisms.
So what difference do worms make versus traditional composting?
- Vermicomposting can be done year-round.
- Producing compost with worms is 4 times faster than using conventional compost bins and piles, although it is more labor-intense.
- Worm bins can be used by apartment renters and condo dwellers alike, which gives people without backyards the ability to compost kitchen scraps and more.
- It is a drought proof fertilizing process. Worm castings contain a mucous deposited by worms, which helps to slow the release of nutrients and prevents them from washing away with the first rain or watering.
- Worm compost also has a high concentration of beneficial bacteria and microbes, which helps to bolster the ecology of your soil.
- Many scientific studies have been done to prove that vermicompost can greatly benefit plants by improving seed germination, enhancing grown and development, and increasing plant productivity, especially when it makes up between 10% and 40% of the growing medium.